The problem with Huawei and why it is banned by the US
Huawei is one of the popular Chinese telecommunications companies and now it is under inspection globally because of the close ties with the Chinese government and now the US and Europe government are having national security threats and many other allied countries. Currently, regarding this matter, President Donald Trump issued an executive order regarding the ban of all electronic or digital technology of Huawei which will cause a national security threat, and it will be one of the biggest moves towards Huawei. The U.S. Department of Justice In January 2019, in January 2019, charged the corporate and its chief treasurer for fraud.
Huawei, which denies all the allegations against it, is “the world’s biggest supplier of telecoms gear” and has plans to “dominate the market” for the next generation of wireless communications, called 5G. But its hopes are threatened by governments around the world, which are restricting the company’s prospects and even banning it from operating in some areas.
No Chinese company is fully independent of its government, which reserves the right to need companies to help with intelligence gathering. Huawei is even more closely tied to the govt than many Chinese firms: Its founder, Ren Zhengfei, maybe a former technologist within the People’s Liberation Army. As his company grew, so did international concerns about whether Huawei equipment might be wont to spy on companies and governments around the world.
As far back as 2003, the corporate was accused of stealing property, including from U.S.-based network hardware maker Cisco. The companies settled the matter in court and Huawei was accused of stealing other firms’ property and for violating international economic sanctions. In 2018, some activities showed a signal of the extent of concern within the international Intelligence Community, built some pressure on the company and many other Chinese technology-related firms were mounted.
In February 2018, the heads of six U.S. intelligence agencies told a Senate committee they didn’t trust Huawei or its rival ZTE, which is additionally based in China, and would recommend Americans not use the company’s smartphones or other equipment.
On July 17, 2018, the intelligence chiefs of the U.S., Canada, the U.K., Australia and New Zealand reportedly met in person, in part to make plans to publicize their concerns about allowing Huawei equipment to work in their countries and governments.
The United Kingdom’s government is running a lab specifically found out to focus on Huawei hardware and software, in case there are any shortcomings in Huawei’s engineering processes which can cause any security risks in future. After an enormous push from the British government, Huawei agreed to spend US$2 billion to deal with those problems. In the middle of August 2018, the U.S. Congress and President Donald Trump passed the proposal and signed a law for prohibiting U.S. government agencies from purchasing or using telecommunications and surveillance products from Chinese companies like ZTE and Huawei – both of which are named within the law.
A week later, Australia announced a similar ban, barring firms “who are likely to be subject to extrajudicial directions from a foreign government” from supplying equipment for its nationwide 5G rollout. In the announcement, the name of Huawei or ZTE was not specifically mentioned, but Huawei criticized their choice based on political and ideological prejudices, instead of thinking about actual security concerns. In late November 2018, New Zealand’s intelligence barred Huawei from participating in its 5G development, citing “significant national security risks.”
In Canada, where telecommunications companies use Huawei equipment extensively, the government remains to discuss a possible ban. In December 2018, Canadian police arrested Meng, the Huawei CFO, as a result of a U.S. allegation that she violated international sanctions against Iran. China threatened Canada with “severe consequences” if Meng wasn’t released immediately. She is out on bail with extradition proceedings pending.
After the Meng’s arrest, the private corporations that dominate U.K. telecommunications, BT Group, announced it had been removing Huawei equipment from its existing mobile networks, and wouldn’t use Huawei technology in future mobile systems. In early December 2018, Japan also announced it had been poised to ban Huawei and ZTE from its 5G networks.
In the middle of December 2018, Orange, one of the French telecommunications companies which were also known as France Telecom, announced that they will not use Huawei equipment in its 5G network. Germany’s Deutsche Telekom said it had been reviewing security concerns about Huawei equipment. In December 2017-18, Czech authorities warned their citizens not to use Huawei equipment because of security reasons. In January 2019, the Polish government arrested an employee for spying charges for Huawei. The executive order is the latest development raising pressure on the corporate and therefore the Chinese government.
Tensions over evidence
All these countries and companies have expressed their concern on this matter whether China’s government could exploit Huawei’s technology for spying on them and for stealing their government or military secrets without their permission.
Tensions between free commerce and national security are not new in history. Security sceptics and many people support free and open trade. They don’t ask for any evidence supporting or claiming that Huawei, ZTE or other foreign companies have spied, or they might spy on their conversations and data transmissions of their country. Security proponents will counter that the evidence must remain secret, to guard intelligence operations.
The situation with these Chinese companies is even tougher because the complete extent of any relationship between Huawei and therefore the Chinese government is masked. However, it’s extremely rare for the U.S. and allied governments to require the kinds of steps they need taken to limit specific companies. Those moves also suggest that without any detailed public proof there is much solid evidence which supports the intelligence community’s worries reading this matter.
Many security agencies and countries are focusing on Huawei’s involvement in 5G systems that can also raise stakes: several generations of wireless technology have predicted to bring more connectivity within the “internet of things,” linking smart cars, smart homes and smart cities together. Billions of devices are going to be involved, all communicating with one another, forming what could become a surveillance web over much of the earth, and exponentially expanding the number of potential targets for spying. Huawei may find its prospects limited by its links to the Chinese government.