New Delhi: Chinese investments are deep-rooted in the Indian economy with $6.2 billion of Chinese money in the Indian economy in myriad sectors, including Indian startups, tech companies, smartphones and applications (apps).
Chinese investments in India have mostly taken the route of Foreign Direct Investment, with investments in over 88 projects in India’s IT and electronics sector between 2015 and 2019.
In 2019 alone, Chinese companies invest in about 19 projects from the IT and electronics sector in India, according to The Financial Times’ foreign investment monitor “fDi markets”.
According to the Ministry of Corporate Affairs’ “Invest India data”, Chinese IT and tech companies like Xiaomi, Oppo, Vivo, and Huawei have secured 100% FDI in contract manufacturing in India and have set up plants in Greater Noida, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu, while Chinese auto companies like MG motors, BYD auto, Colsight, YAPP Automobiles, among others, have been some of the companies that have grown quite fast in India over the last few years. According to the Ministry of Commerce, Chinese auto giant BYD Motors has been the biggest beneficiary of the government’s FAME scheme for supplying electric buses to state governments.
The Indian startup sector has some of the biggest investments from Chinese companies. Chinese investment giants like Alibaba Group, Tencent, Steadview Capital and Didi Chuxing dominate investments in over 18 of the 30 Unicorn companies in India. These 18 Unicorn companies in India have over $3,500 million of Chinese investments.
Unicorn companies like Bigbasket, Zomato, Delhivery, Byju’s Flipkart, Make my trip, Paytm, Policy Bazaar, Swiggy, among others, have millions of dollars in Chinese investments.
For example, Zomato has over $200 million of Chinese investment by the Alibaba group, while the same Alibaba group has invested more than $200 million of Chinese money into India’s leading online grocer Big Basket. Tencent Holdings, on the other hand, has invested over $50 million into the tech learning startup Byju’s. The same Tencent Holdings, along with Steadview Capital, both Chinese investors, also has over $500 million investment in India’s first-ever online cab aggregator Ola.
The most popular online transaction application Paytm and Paytm Mall owned by one97 communication and Paytm E-Commerce Pvt. Ltd. has over $550 million of investment by the Alibaba group.
According to Gateway House, a foreign policy think tank which has compiled these data, China is seeing much success in the Indian tech startups since the Indian startup market relies disproportionately on overseas venture capital (VC) funding and all startups worth over $1 billion are foreign-funded. Some like Flipkart and Paytm have been acquired outright. India still does not have a Sequoia or Google of its own. Reliance Industries, through Jio, is trying to replicate Alibaba’s successful model in India.
The smartphone market in India has one of the deepest Chinese penetration and according to several reports, Chinese smartphones dominate over 70% of the Indian smartphone market.
Chinese smartphone companies like Vivo, Oppo, Oneplus, Xiaomi and Realme are the leading smartphone brands in India. In 2019, Xiaomi alone dominated over 27-28% of the Indian smartphone market, while
Vivo and Oppo dominated over 15-17% of the smartphone market in India.
The internet consumer sector is also dominated by Chinese investments and companies in India. According to the Gateway House research, more than 50% of the app downloads in India, include those apps that have Chinese investments. Apps like Tiktok, Vigo Video, ShareIt, Cam scanner are some of the most downloaded apps in India and these apps have been developed by companies owned by Chinese investors. The optical fibre sector has also seen significant Chinese investments over the last few years and Chinese companies like Fiberhome, ZIT, TG Advait, and Hengtong have made huge investments in India. The Government of India has also last year allowed Chinese tech giant Huawei to conduct 5G trials in India.
However, following a bloody clash at the Indo-China border where the Chinese PLA has killed 20 of India’s soldiers, sources in the Ministry of Commerce have indicated that the Ministry and the Government of India would be re-looking into Chinese investments in India. “We will be re-looking into Chinese investments in India and we have noticed that most of these companies that have invested in India have put influential people like lawyers, next of kin of judges, and politicians into their board of directors so that no harm is done to them. All these factors will be looked into,” a source in the Ministry of Commerce told this correspondent India China Bilateral Trade 2018-19 According to official Indian data released in February, India’s trade with China declined from US$ 89.71 billion in 2017-18 to US$ 87.07 billion in 2018-19. India’s imports from China were US$ 70.32 billion in 2018-19 while India’s exports to China were US$ 16.75 in 2018-19. Thus India’s trade deficit with China was US$ 53.57 in 2018-19.
List of Top Chinese Companies in India are
Chinese Mobile Companies in India
Chinese Software Companies in India
Other Sectors Chinese Companies in India
Alibaba Group i.UC Browser
Bytedance i.Tik Tok ii.Vigo Video
Volvo (Own by Geely)
Tencent Holding WeChat
MG (Own by SAIC Motors)
Cheetah Mobile i. Whatscall ii.Cheetah Keyboard iii.CM Browser iv.Tap Tap Dash v. Battery Doctor vi.Clean Master vii.CM Backup viii.CM Browser ix. News Republic
Shanghai Electric India Pvt. Ltd.
WISCO (I) P. Ltd.
ZTE KangunTelecon Company (I) P. Ltd.
China Dongfang International
Baoshan Iron & Steel Ltd.
Chongqing Lifan Industry Ltd.
China Dongfang International
Sany Heavy Industry Ltd.
Cheetah Multitrade P. Ltd.”
YAPP India Automotives Systems Pvt. Ltd.”
So this was the list of some main Chinese companies operating in India. This list will help the Indian citizens to know the Chinese companies operating in India. Chinese dominance in the Indian Mobile market A paper published by Ananth Krishnan states that China had invested around $1.6 billion in India in 2014 while in the next three years during the Modi regime, it grew five-fold to $ 8 billion. If we talk about the Chinese presence in the Indian market, you would be surprised to know that 4 out of the top 5 brands are Chinese. Xiaomi, the Indian smartphone market leader, has 7 factories in India. Xiaomi is planning to invest more than $ 500 million to expand its retail presence in India. Other manufacturers like Oppo, Vivo, and OnePlus – has two factories in UP and have plans to open a third soon. If you want to know whether Indians can afford to boycott the Chinese products and companies, read the article given below? * Nippon Paint (India) Pvt. Ltd was earlier erroneously mentioned in this list. We regret the inconvenience caused due to this inadvertent error.